What is Pivotal Response Training (PRT)?
Pivotal Response Training is a type of Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) therapy.
It uses developmental principles (for example, child’s lead in the intervention) along with the ABA principles such as reinforcement. Its goals include the development of communication, language and positive social behaviors and relief from disruptive self-stimulatory behaviors. Rather than target individual behaviors, the PRT therapist targets “pivotal” areas of a child's development. These include motivation, response to multiple cues, self-management and the initiation of social interactions.
It is extremely beneficial as autistic children do not have the same motivation to social learning which is developed, along with creating intensity of the intervention without hours and hours with the therapist, in desirable and natural settings which are comfortable and convenient for both the child and parents. It has a strong empirical evidence and is definitely one’s choice along with other complementing therapies....Read More
What is AAC (Alternative/ Augmentative Communication)?
AAC stands for Alternative/ Augmentative Communication. It includes any type of communication that is not speech For example using gestures, icons, pictures, emails, writing. It is basically using visual or tactile means to communicate, since direct speech communication is difficult for children with autism.
This helps them in improving their understanding of the language. The amount of technology used can vary: from pointing and gesturing to using written visual schedules or Picture Exchange Communication System (uses laminated pictures and symbols to help children express him or herself) to using voice recognition and read aloud apps on devices when a button is pressed....Read More
What is Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA)?
ABA, applied behavioral analysis, is simply the application of behavioral principles, to everyday situations, that will, over time, increase or decrease targeted behaviors. ABA has been used to help individuals acquire many different skills, such as language skills, self-help skills, and play skills; in addition, these principles can help to decrease maladaptive behaviors such as aggression, self-stimulatory behaviors, and self-injury.
It is critical to remember that there is no single program or plan that "is" ABA.
Typically, an ABA program is aimed at children between 2 and 6 years of age. This does not mean that ABA is not effective for older children, adolescents and even adults; but ideally, the ABA program is carried out before children start school....Read More
What is GFCF Diet?
A gluten-free casein-free diet (GFCF diet) or gluten-free dairy-free diet (GFDF diet) eliminates dietary intake of the naturally occurring proteins gluten (found most often in wheat, barley, rye, and commercially available oats), and casein (found most often in milk and dairy products).
Some parents report improvements in autism symptoms with this dietary regimen, but still clinically it is still not proven yet.
Though parents may ask what harm could result from trying a casein-gluten-free diet but any changes should be done under medical advice, so that at least it is clear that after the changes child’s diet is still providing all the necessary requirements for normal growth and development....Read More
What is SI (Sensory Integration) therapy?
Sensory integration therapy is based on A. Jean Ayres' theory of Sensory Integration, which details how processing sensory information from the body and environment contribute to our learning and many other aspects of daily life and also about the disorders and a treatment approach.
It is designed to help kids who have trouble processing sensory information. This therapy uses repetitive exercises to help a child experience touch and other sensations more accurately.
Sensory integration therapy is designed primarily for children with sensory processing issues. This may include kids who have ADHD, autism spectrum disorder and dyspraxia. It might also be used with young children who show signs of developmental delay.
It usually takes place in a specially designed setting where kids are encouraged to play....Read More
What is OT (Occupational Therapy)?
Occupational therapy (OT) treatment focuses on helping people with a physical, sensory, or cognitive disability be as independent as possible in all areas of their lives. OT can help kids with various needs improve their cognitive, physical, sensory, and motor skills and enhance their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.
Occupational therapy is the profession that helps people across the lifespan to do the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of daily activities (occupations).
Some people may think that occupational therapy is only for adults; kids, after all, do not have occupations. But a child's main job is playing and learning, and occupational therapists can evaluate kids' skills for playing, school performance, and daily activities and compare them with what is developmentally appropriate for that age group....Read More